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What You Need to Know about Gluten & Celiac Disease

Gluten free diet

A lot of people eat a gluten-free diet. For people with celiac disease, it’s a must.

Celiac disease, an autoimmune disorder that’s triggered when they eat gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye, and other grains. It is the protein that makes dough elastic and gives bread its chewy texture.

But when someone with celiac disease eats something with gluten, their body overreacts to the protein and damages their villi, which are very small finger-like projections found along the wall of the small intestine.

When the villi are injured, the small intestine can’t properly absorb nutrients from food. Eventually, this can lead to malnourishment, as well as loss of bone density, miscarriages, infertility — even to the start of neurological diseases, or certain cancers.

Symptoms

Celiac disease isn’t the same thing as a food allergy, so the symptoms will differ.

If you’re allergic to wheat, you may have itchy or watery eyes or a hard time breathing if you eat something that has wheat in it.

But if you have celiac disease and accidentally eat something with gluten in it, you may have intestinal problems (like diarrhea, gas, constipation) or any of the following symptoms:

Abdominal pain

Nausea

Anemia

Itchy blistery rash (doctors call this dermatitis herpetiformis)

Loss of bone density

Headaches or general fatigue

Bone or joint pain

Mouth ulcers

Weight loss

Heartburn

In children, intestinal problems are much more common than they are for adults. These symptoms include:

Nausea or vomiting

Bloating or a swelling in the belly

Diarrhea

Constipation

Pale, foul-smelling stool (steatorrhea)

Weight loss

Not everyone with celiac disease will have these symptoms. And some people have no problems at all, which makes diagnosis very difficult.

Diagnosis

Most people with celiac disease never know they have it. Researchers think as few as 20% of people with the disease ever get a proper diagnosis. The damage to the intestine is very slow, and symptoms are so varied, that it can be years before someone gets a diagnosis.

Doctors use two blood tests to help determine whether you have celiac disease:

Serology tests that look for certain antibodies

Genetic testing to look for human leukocyte antigens to rule out celiac disease

If the blood test shows you might have celiac disease, you’ll probably need to have endoscopy done. This is a procedure in which your doctor can look at your small intestine and take a little bit of tissue to see if it’s damaged.

Treatment

There are no drugs that treat celiac disease. You’ll need to go on a strict gluten-free diet. In addition to staying away from bread, cake, and other baked goods, you’ll also need to avoid beer, pasta, cereals, and even some toothpastes, medications, and other products that contain gluten.

If you have a severe nutritional deficiency, your doctor may have you take gluten-free vitamins and mineral supplements and will prescribe medication if you have a skin rash.

After you’ve been on a gluten-free diet for a few weeks, you should start to feel better, as your small intestine begins to heal.

Who’s at Risk?

Celiac disease tends to run in families, as it is a genetic disorder. If you have a parent, child, brother, or sister who has celiac disease, you have a 1 in 10 chances of getting it yourself. But having the genes for celiac disease doesn’t automatically mean you’ll get it.

Sometimes, a stressful event such as a viral infection, surgery, or some emotional trauma can trigger it. It could also happen after pregnancy. Of course, you would need to be eating foods with gluten for any harm to happen.

The disease is most common among Caucasians and people who have had other diseases like Down syndrome, type 1 diabetes, Turner syndrome (a condition where a female is missing an X chromosome), Addison’s disease, or rheumatoid arthritis.

 

References:

webmd.com/digestive-disorders/celiac-disease/celiac-disease

deputyk.ga/tumu/treating-risks-2032.php

kagoradio.com/cote/treating-risks-cetu.php

valleystamp.com/xuza/treating-risks-1713.php

geolectica.com/dihu/treating-risks-1585.php

iqing.info/valccia-celiac.html

itdeck.ga/qijot/treating-risks-299.php

wikihow.com/Test-for-Gluten-Intolerance

 

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Chocolate: Best food for your heart and brain

Dark chocolate is loaded with nutrients that can positively affect your health because it’s believed that it may help protect your cardiovascular system. The reasoning being that the cocoa bean is rich in a class of plant nutrients called flavonoids.

Made from the seed of the cocoa tree, it is one of the best sources of antioxidants on the planet.

If you buy quality dark chocolate with a high cocoa content, then it is actually quite nutritious.

A 100-gram bar of dark chocolate with 70-85% cocoa contains:

11 grams of fiber.

67% of the RDA for Iron.

58% of the RDA for Magnesium.

89% of the RDA for Copper.

98% of the RDA for Manganese.

It also has plenty of potassium, phosphorus, zinc and selenium.

Flavonoids help protect plants from environmental toxins and help repair damage. They can be found in a variety of foods, such as fruits and vegetables. When we eat foods rich in flavonoids, it appears that we also benefit from this “antioxidant” power.

Antioxidants are believed to help the body’s cells resist damage caused by free radicals that are formed by normal bodily processes, such as breathing, and from environmental contaminants, like cigarette smoke. If your body does not have enough antioxidants to combat the amount of oxidation that occurs, it can become damaged by free radicals. For example, an increase in oxidation can cause low-density lipoprotein (LDL), also known as “bad” cholesterol, to form plaque on the artery walls.

Flavanols are the main type of flavonoid found in cocoa and chocolate. In addition to having antioxidant qualities, research shows that flavanols have other potential influences on vascular health, such as lowering blood pressure, improving blood flow to the brain and heart, and making blood platelets less sticky and able to clot.

These plant chemicals aren’t only found in chocolate. In fact, a wide variety of foods and beverages are rich in flavanols. These include cranberries, apples, peanuts, onions, tea and red wine.

Are all types of chocolate healthy?

Before you grab a chocolate candy bar or slice of chocolate cake, it’s important to understand that not all forms of chocolate contain high levels of flavanols.

Cocoa naturally has a very strong, pungent taste, which comes from the flavanols. When cocoa is processed into your favorite chocolate products, it goes through several steps to reduce this taste. The more chocolate is processed (through things like fermentation, alkalizing, roasting, etc.), the more flavanols are lost.

 

Most commercial chocolates are highly processed. Although it was once believed that dark chocolate contained the highest levels flavanols, recent research indicates that, depending on how the dark chocolate was processed, this may not be true. The good news is that most major chocolate manufacturers are looking for ways to keep the flavanols in their processed chocolates. But for now, your best choices are likely dark chocolate over milk chocolate (especially milk chocolate that is loaded with other fats and sugars) and cocoa powder that has not undergone Dutch processing (cocoa that is treated with an alkali to neutralize its natural acidity).

What about all of the fat in chocolate?

You may be surprised to learn that chocolate isn’t as bad for you as once believed.

The fat in chocolate comes from cocoa butter and is made up of equal amounts of oleic acid (a heart-healthy monounsaturated fat also found in olive oil), stearic and palmitic acids. Stearic and palmitic acids are forms of saturated fat. You may know that saturated fats are linked to increases in LDL cholesterol and the risk of heart disease.

But, research shows that stearic acid appears to have a neutral effect on cholesterol, neither raising nor lowering it. Although palmitic acid does affect cholesterol levels, it only makes up one-third of the fat calories in chocolate. Still, this does not mean you can eat all the dark chocolate you’d like.

First, be careful about the type of dark chocolate you choose: chewy caramel-marshmallow-nut-covered dark chocolate is by no means a heart-healthy food option. Watch out for those extra ingredients that can add lots of extra fat and calories. Second, there is currently no established serving size of chocolate to help you reap the cardiovascular benefits it may offer, and more research is needed in this area. However, we do know that you no longer need to feel guilty if you enjoy a small piece of dark chocolate once in a while.

So, for now, enjoy moderate portions of chocolate (e.g., 1 ounce) a few times per week, and don’t forget to eat other flavonoid-rich foods like apples, red grapes, tea, onions and cranberries.

References:

https://web.extension.illinois.edu/fmpt/eb282/entry_6414/

http://coolvup165.weebly.com/

http://coolvup165.weebly.com/blog/watch-heart-of-truth-stream-in-english-with-english-subtitles-1080p

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/benefits-of-chocolate-heart-health

https://nutrawiki.org/Chocolate/

https://speakingofwomenshealth.com/newsletter/chocolate-the-sweet-truth

https://www.gayleschocolates.com/faq/

http://drbergwerk.blogspot.com/

https://jamaicahospital.org/newsletter/?p=840

http://www.sparkpeople.com/myspark/team_messageboard_thread.asp?board=0x47217x46069231

http://stuffedchocolate.com/health_benefits.htm

https://diets-usa.com/daily-chocolate-heart-health/

http://www.superhealthykids.com/chocolate-a-sweet-story/

https://texascprcourse.com/extent-heart-disease-stroke.html

http://greensuperfoods.us/chocolate-for-your-valentine-some-sweet-science/

https://medium.com/@punecakeshop_78505/benefits-of-eating-chocolate-cakes-8d8005ab18d4

https://yourwholenutrition.com/chocolate/

http://www.theday.com/article/20160706/ADV0101/160709703

http://arawakpurecacao.com/

http://healthimpactnews.com/2013/the-rich-benefits-of-eating-chocolate/

http://uwyoextension.org/uwnutrition/2015/02/11/death-or-health-by-chocolate/

https://www.healthnutnews.com/the-rich-benefits-of-eating-chocolate/

http://www.antioxidants-for-health-and-longevity.com/facts-about-chocolate.html

http://www.pennlive.com/bodyandmind/index.ssf/2012/12/a_spoonful_of_chocolate.html

http://www.aunaturalenutrition.com/articles/yes-chocolate-can-be-a-health-food-a-recipe-for-triple-chocolate-cake-oh-baby

http://ayny.org/chocolate/

https://thefriendlyfig.com/2014/09/16/antioxidant-smoothie-bowl/

https://www.smithmountainhomes.com/news-for-dark-chocolate-lovers-just-in-time-for-valentines-day/

http://collington.kendal.org/2016/03/16/bad-good/

http://nutritiontwins.com/cocoavia-chocolate-mousse/

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/antioxidants-vitamine-betacarotene-cv-disease-heart-health

http://www.medicaldaily.com/mothers-day-health-5-healthy-activities-help-you-celebrate-mothers-day-281662

http://www.purevolume.com/DangersofCardioPreventingHeartAttacksDarkChocolateAndHeartHealth

 

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Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high.

Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy.

Common warnings signs of diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger (especially after eating)
  • Dry mouth
  • Frequent urination or urine infections
  • Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)
  • Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
  • Blurred vision
  • Headaches
  • Diabetic coma (loss of consciousness)

Prevention:

  • Eat healthy foods. Choose foods lower in fat and calories and higher in fiber. Focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Strive for variety to prevent boredom.
  • Get more physical activity. Aim for 30 minutes of moderate physical activity a day. Take a brisk daily walk. Ride your bike. Swim laps. If you can’t fit in a long workout, break it up into smaller sessions spread throughout the day.
  • Lose excess pounds. If you’re overweight, losing even 7 percent of your body weight — for example, 14 pounds (6.4 kilograms) if you weigh 200 pounds (90.9 kilograms) — can reduce the risk of diabetes. To keep your weight in a healthy range, focus on permanent changes to your eating and exercise habits. Motivate yourself by remembering the benefits of losing weight, such as a healthier heart, more energy and improved self-esteem.

Additional Information:

Normal Random Blood Glucose Level:

Average Adult: 79–140 mg/dl

Syringe with drugs for diabetes treatment

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CHAP Accreditation: First in the UAE & in the MIDDLE EAST

FLORIDA HOME CARE takes pride on its recent achievement of ZERO DEFICIENCY in the Accreditation conducted by the Community Health Accreditation Partner (CHAP) – the Globally Recognized US Based Accrediting Body.
We are delighted to be the FIRST in the UAE & in the MIDDLE EAST. This accomplishment sets us as one of the BEST in the healthcare industry.

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Foods that are beneficial during fasting

Foods that are beneficial during fasting:

Complex carbohydrates will help release energy slowly during the hours of fasting. They are found in grains and seeds such as barley, wheat, oats, semolina, beans, lentils and basmati rice

Fibre-rich foods are also digested slowly. These include bran, cereals, whole wheat, grains and seeds, potatoes with the skin, vegetables such as green beans and almost all fruit including apricots, prunes and figs.

Foods to avoid, Heavily processed, fast-burning foods containing refined carbohydrates in the form of sugar and white flour. Too much fatty food should also be avoided, cakes, biscuits, chocolates and sweets. The drinks such as tea, coffee and cola could also be avoided because of their caffeine content.

Suhoor – the pre-dawn meal This should be a wholesome, moderate meal that is filling and provides enough energy for many hours. It is very important to include slowly-digested foods. iftar – the meal that breaks the day’s fast, This could include dates or fruit juices to provide a refreshing burst of energy.

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