HOW TO PREVENT DIABETIC COMPLICATIONS
Diabetes is a serious systemic medical disorder which if not addressed properly and timely can lead to increased morbidity and mortality.
MAJOR DIABETIC COMPLICATIONS:
- Heart disease and stroke
- Blindness and other eye problems
- Damage to blood vessels in the retina (diabetic retinopathy)
- Clouding of the lens (cataract)
- Increase in fluid pressure in the eye (glaucoma)
- Kidney disease
- Nerve damage (neuropathy)
Complications usually develop over a long time without any symptoms. That’s why it’s so important to make and keep doctor and dentist appointments even if you feel fine. Early treatment can help prevent or delay diabetes-related health conditions and improve your overall health. HbA1c and fasting blood glucose are reliable investigations for diagnosing early diabetes.
A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE is your road map for managing diabetes, which is the key to preventing or delaying complications.
- Follow a healthy eating plan.
- Be physically active for at least 150 minutes a week (just 30 minutes, 5 days a week).
- Manage your ABCs:
A: Get a regular A1C test to measure your average blood sugar over 2 to 3 months; aim
to stay in your target range that is below 6
B: Try to keep your blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg
C: Control your cholesterol levels.
- stop smoking or don’t start. Your doctor may also prescribe medicines that can help you manage your blood sugar, blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels.
- Lose weight if you’re overweight—just a 5% to 7% weight loss lowers the risk for complications. That’s 10 to 14 pounds for someone who weighs 200 pounds.
- Take medicines as instructed, and talk to your doctor if you have questions about or problems with your medicine.
- Make and keep appointments with your health care team (primary care doctor, dentist, foot doctor, eye doctor, and dietitian).