What is SARS-CoV-2? What is COVID-19?
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the name given to the 2019 novel coronavirus. COVID-19 is the name given to the disease associated with the virus. SARS-CoV-2 is a new strain of coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans.
HOW IT SPREADS:
It spreads from an infected person via respiratory droplets generated when you cough or sneeze, close and prolonged personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands and touching something with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose or eyes before washing your hands.
PREVENTIVE STEPS FOR PEOPLE WITH NO DISEASE:
- Proper hygiene can help reduce the risk of infection.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after using the washroom and when preparing food.
- Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available
- When coughing or sneezing cough use a tissue or the bend of your arm, not your hands.
- Dispose of any tissues you have used as soon as possible in a lined wastebasket and wash your hands afterward.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands
- Clean the following high-touch surfaces frequently with regular household cleaners or diluted bleach (1 part bleach to 9 parts water) toys, toilets, phones, electronics, door handles, bedside tables, television remotes.
- If you are a healthy individual, the use of a mask is not recommended for preventing the spread of COVID-19. It should be used by health workers as they are at high risk.
- Wearing a mask when you are not ill may give a false sense of security. There is a potential risk of infection with improper mask use and disposal. They also need to be changed frequently. However, your health care provider may recommend you wear a mask if you are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 while you are seeking or waiting for care. In this instance, masks are an appropriate part of infection prevention and control measures. The mask acts as a barrier and helps stop the tiny droplets from spreading you when you cough or sneeze.
- Drink plenty of fluids and keep yourself hydrated at all times.
- Ensure a balanced diet with a good intake of vitamin C as it improves your immunity.